Chhath Puja is dedicated to Sun (Surya) and Shashthi Devi (Chhathi Maiya). It is celebrated mostly in Indian states – Bihar, Jharkhand, Uttar Pradesh, and Madhesh Pradesh, and the region of Nepal. This festival is considered to be nature worship. But this time due to the Coronavirus epidemic, the worshipping of Chhath Puja is banned in many places. Despite this, people’s faith in Chhathi Maiya does not seem to be diminishing.
Chhath Puja is celebrated every year on the Shashti Tithi of Shukla Paksha of Kartik month. This year, it falls on 20 November 2020, on Friday and 21 November, Saturday.
Chhath Puja 2020 Rituals
- The fast observed by devotees is called Vrati. Devotees keep fast for four days and strict fast without water for two days.
- In Chhath puja, during the sunrise and sunset, the prayers are done on the banks of the river, ponds, canals, and water reservoirs.
- The first day of Chhath puja is Nahay Khay. It is started by taking a dip in the holy Ganges or by sprinkling Gangajal (holy water) and worshiping the Sun God. After which the pumpkin vegetable and rice along with gram lentils are prepared and eaten.
- On the first day of the puja, the devotees eat food in the morning and after the evening of the next day, they eat kheer, chapatis, and fruits.
- The third day is called the first argh or evening argh. Argh is offered in the evening wherein the setting sun is worshiped.
- Last day- Second Argh or Sunrise is Argh. On this day, worshipping is done during the sunrise, devotees worship the Sun by offering Argh and opening their fast and after this, the devotees eat Chhath Prasad including sweets, Thekua, and fruits.
- Chhath Puja Prasad is prepared without onion, garlic, and salt.
- The Chhath puja is also a symbol of the celebration of a new crop. Food is prepared from the new crop in addition to the fruits offered to Sun God.
Why is Chhath Puja celebrated?
There are many beliefs about the origin of Chhath Puja. It is believed that Draupadi and the Pandavas of Hastinapur worshipped God Sun to solve their problems and regain their lost kingdom. They enchanted the mantras written in Rig Veda to worship the sun, since then, the Puja has been started.
According to another belief, Surya Putra Karna who ruled over the Anga Desh (Bhagalpur in Bihar) during the age of Mahabharata worshipped Sun to gain power and skill. From that time, Puja has been started. According to the scientific theory, this puja started in the Early Vedic Period by sages and rishis of that era. They used this method in order to restrain the external means of food and gain energy directly from the sunrays.
|Wednesday||18 November 2020||Nahay-Khay|
|Thursday||19 November 2020||Lohanda and Kharna|
|Friday||20 November 2020||Sandhya Argh|
|Saturday||21 November 2020||Suryodaya/Usha Argh and Paran|