Karva Chauth is believed to be one of the most auspicious festivals of Suhagins (married women) in the Hindu Sanatana Dharma. It is celebrated every year on different dates. This year in 2020, it falls on 4 November. In this festival, women observe fast for a long and healthy life for their husbands. They make Mehndi in their hands, wear bangles, and perform 16 adornments (Solah Shringar) wherein Mehndi is an important part of their makeup. Their fast begins at sunrise and ends after seeing the moon in the night.
Karwa Chauth’s Pujan Vidhi (How to worship Karva Chauth)
Karva Chauth’s fast is very important for Suhagin (married women). Their fast is observed on Kartik Krishna Chandrodaya Vyapini Chaturthi (कार्तिक मास के कृष्ण पक्ष में चन्द्रोदय व्यापिनी चतुर्थी). The Pujan Vidhi (worshipping methods) is as follows.
Keep thirteen grains of wheat and water pot that is spout structural.
When the moon shines in the night, look at it with a sieve and pour (अर्घ्य) it to the moon
Then seek blessings for the husband. Make them eat and ask them to do the same.
After the worship, celebrate the festival by congratulating the women of the neighborhood
The essence of Karva Chauth is the longevity and healthy life of a husband. But there are various prevailing beliefs in different areas, so there might be a slight difference in this belief.
Karwa Chauth’s History
A long before there lived a young girl named Veeravati. She was the youngest among her seven siblings and was married to the King of her town. One night, she went to her parent’s home and after dawn, she observed the fast until she saw the moon that night and her husband’s face.
Meanwhile, she felt ill while anticipating the moon’s appearance. Her seven siblings detested seeing their sister’s deteriorating condition. So, they made a plan to show her a fake moon. The siblings placed a mirror through some tree leaves and shown her a fake moon.
The sister, accepting it as moonrise, broke her fast and ate. Soon after, she got the news that her husband was severely sick. She then met the Hindu God Lord Shiva and the Hindu Goddess Parvati and prayed for forgiveness. Parvati said to her that the king had died just because she broke the fast.
She worshipped for the blessing then. The goddess conceded her wish and said that her husband is resuscitated. Yet, for this, she would need to observe the strict Karva Chauth’s fast. This is the reason women observe a strict fast and worship their husbands for a long and healthy life.