Pongal is the major multiday harvest festival celebrated by all religions of South India. In Tamil Nadu, it is popularly known as Thai Pongal. It is celebrated every year on 14 January. Pongal is dedicated to Surya and celebrated when Sun enters Capricorn.
Actually, at the time of Pongal, the crop is harvested. This is the time when there is enough crop and money in every house. People celebrate this day and share happiness with each other. Traditional dishes like arva rice, sambar, moong dal, toram, coconut, abayas are prepared. The special dish of this festival is Chakari Pongal, which is made by boiling rice, Jaggery, and Bengali chickpea in milk.
In Pongal, the sun, Indra Dev, and animals are worshipped to increase the crops with each passing year. It is believed that Lord Saturn is pleased by worshiping the sun on this day and all the troubles go away.
In this festival, sweets and other dishes are prepared and offered to the Pongal deity, after which the dishes are offered to cows and distributed to the family.
On this day, people also make kolam outside their homes. People worship with family and distribute Prasad among each other. The Pongal festival lasts for four days. Pongal festival lasts for 4 days started from 14th. Bhogi Pongal will be celebrated on 14 and 15 January, Thai Pongal on 16 January, Mattoo Pongal on 17 January, and Kanum Pongal on 18 January.