National Unity Day is celebrated every year on 31 October across the country. This year 2020, it is being celebrated by people across India as the commemoration of the 144th birth anniversary of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel who is also known as Bismarck and Iron man of India. Sardar Patel was one of the leading figures of the country during the Indian freedom movement and after Independence. He is most remembered for integrating the parted India into one.
History of National Unity Day
On October 2014, the Government of India announced the birth anniversary of freedom fighter Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel as ‘National Unity Day’. He was born on 31 October 1875. The day was inaugurated by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in 2014 by offering the flower at the statue of Sardar Patel and flagging off a program called ‘For Run for Unity’ in New Delhi. The purpose of starting this event is to pay tribute to the great freedom fighter, Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, and remember his extraordinary works for the country. He worked really hard to keep India united.
Biography of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel
Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel was a freedom fighter of India. He was born on 31 October 1875 in Nadiad, Gujarat. He became the first Home Minister and Deputy Prime Minister of India after independence. Patel, who was leading the Bardoli Satyagraha, conferred the title of Sardar on the success of Satyagraha. Sardar Patel is also known as a Bismarck and Iron Man of India for playing a central role in the geopolitical integration of India that was scattered in various princely states after independence.
Interesting facts about Sardar Vallabh Bhai Patel
- Sardar VALLABH Bhai Patel was a farmer by mind and nature. Despite this, he received higher education and became a successful lawyer.
- Despite being the most capable leader of the Congress party in Azad India, Sardar VALLABH Bhai Patel could not become Prime Minister. He became the Deputy Prime Minister.
- This India, which is a union of states today, was a group of 565 local princely states. Sardar Patel integrated these princely states and created modern India.
- The Nizam of Hyderabad and the Nawab of Junagadh refused to merge their princely states with India. Sardar Patel used the army, showing his intelligence. In the year 1948, the Nizam of Hyderabad agreed to involve himself in India.
Jawaharlal Nehru liked the Western culture and Briticism. While Sardar Patel was against the English rule.
- He turned down the post of Prime Minister only because he did not want to split the Congress Party.
- Patel proved to be a god for the refugees.
- If anyone deserved the country’s highest honor Bharat Ratna, it was the Sardar Patel himself. But sadly, this honor was given to him very late in 1991.
- Patel wanted to keep the country safe. They also made policies for this.
- Sardar Patel was an important member of the Indian Constituent Assembly, who played a major role in framing the Constitution of India.
The Statue of Unity – A glance
The Statue of Unity, dedicated to Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel, is a memorial located in the Indian state of Gujarat, near the Narmada Dam, 3.2 km from Sadhu Bet near Vadodara. It is the tallest statue in the world, 54 meters higher than the spring temple Buddha. This statue is spread over 20000 square meters and are surrounded by an artificial lake spread over 12 km. the estimated cost to build this statue is 29.8 billion. It was inaugurated by Prime Minister of India Narendra Modi on 31 October 2018 on his 143rd anniversary.
What Is National Unity Called?
National Unity Day, despite different castes, cultures, religions, and regions, gives a common identity of the people of the country to build a strong and developed nation. It promotes unity in diversity and the sense of unity among people to a great level. It brings about a kind of ethnic and cultural equality between people from different communities. It can be said that it is the unity that was expressed among the common Indian people against British rule during the Indian independence movement.
India is counted as one of the largest countries in the world, which is the second-most populous country in the world, where 1652 languages and dialects are spoken. This country covers all major religions of the world like Hindu, Buddhist, Christian, Jain, Islam, Sikh, and Parsi religions with a different culture, food habits, traditions, costumes, and social customs. It is a diverse country with a considerable difference in climate. And despite the major differences in the country, each part of it is governed by the same constitution with peace and unity.
Objectives of National Integration Day
- National Unity Day is celebrated every year to encourage unity, peace, love, and brotherhood among the people.
- To promote harmony among the Indian people even though there is a different culture, many languages, religions, geographical diversity in Indian society.
- To work with and understand youth and other people of different religions through social, cultural, economic, and education camps.
- To develop a better understanding among the youth about diverse ideas, religions and lifestyles to strengthen the unity of the people in the society.
Facts About Sardar Patel
Full Name: Vallabhbhai Jhaverbhai Patel
Date and Place of Birth: 31 October 1875, Nadiad, Gujarat
Death: December 15, 1950, Bombay [now Mumbai] (Age 75)
Father: Jhaverbhai Patel
Mother: Ladba Devi
Nickname: Sardar Patel, Iron Man, The Pioneer of All India Services
Education: Advocate (England)
Post: Home Minister (15 August 1947 – 15 December 1950)
Children: Maniben Patel, Dahyabhai Patel